Slider

ANALYSIS OF TECHNOLOGIES ANALYSIS OF WEAPONS ANALYSIS OF FLEETS ANALYSIS OF NAVAL BALANCE ANALYSIS OF WARSHIPS OF THE PAST ANALYSIS OF AIRCRAFT CARRIERS ANALYSIS OF SURFACE COMBATANTS ANALYSIS OF SUBMARINES AND MINI-SUBS ANALYSIS OF AMPHIBIOUS WARFARE SHIPS ANALYSIS OF COAST GUARD VESSELS NAVAL NEWS, BOOK REVIEWS, PHOTOS AND MORE!

Menu

Wednesday, 25 October 2017

INFOGRAPHICS #26: The major surface combatants of the most powerful European Navies and the attack submarines of Europe, in 2017

Written by D-Mitch

Greek HS Poseidon (Type 209), Portuguese NRP Tridente
(Type 214) and German U33 (Type 212) during the Exercise
NOBLE JUSTIFICATION 2014
This article includes two infographics. In the first infographic, named The major surface combatants of the most powerful European Navies in 2017, I depict the major surface combatant fleets of the seven (7) most powerful Navies in Europe, those seven navies that historically maintain and develop a strong naval fleet of very advanced warships (a similar article The major surface combatants of the most powerful European Navies in 2030). But what is a surface combatant? According to the Office of Naval Research of the United States Navy, "..surface combatants (or surface ships or surface vessels) are a subset of naval warships which are designed for warfare on the surface of the water, with their own weapons. They are generally ships built to fight other ships, submarines or aircraft, and can carry out several other missions including counter-narcotics operations and maritime interdiction. Their primary purpose is to engage space, air, surface, and submerged targets with weapons deployed from the ship itself, rather than by manned carried craft.". The term is primarily used to mean any modern vessel type that is not a submarine; although a "surface ship" may range in size from a small cutter to a large cruiser, the largest surface combatant today in any Navy.  

German Navy Baden-Württemberg and Brandenburg class frigates in formation

Notice that I refer to the major surface combatants that includes the largest surface combatants, battleships and battlecruisers (outdated types of warships, only Russia has two modern ones), cruisers (only few in the world), destroyers, frigates, and corvettes. Corvettes, if any, if they have downgraded to offshore patrol vessels or their equipment is limited (sensors and/or armament) and therefore are suitable only for low-intensity conflicts, are excluded from this graph. This applies for the classes Minerva, Floreal, D'Estienne d'Orves and Descubierta. Non-surface combatants such as the attack and ballistic missile submarines are excluded. The same stands for the fast attack craft or gunboats. Of course those types of ships and boats can boost dramatically the capabilities of a naval force or even to discourage absolutely any naval battle if one of the naval opponent  have a ballistic missile submarine in its inventory.  

The major surface combatants of the most powerful European Navies in 2017. For a high resolution image click here.
In the second infographic, named The Attack Submarines of Europe in 2017, I illustrate all the attack submarines that are in Europe right now (and will continue to be part of their Navies until the end of 2017). Please note that the graph highlights those boats that are nuclear-powered (SSN), those that are equipped with Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP) and those that are not active the last years. Nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines are excluded from this graph. Therefore the four (4) Vanguard class submarines of the Royal Navy (United Kingdom) and the four (4) Triomphant class submarines of Marine Nationale (France) are not illustrated. Only two countries, United Kingdom and France operate nuclear-powered submarines while there are five countries that operate submarines equipped with Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP). Romania actually has no submarine as its sole submarine, Delfinul, has been inactive since 1995.

The Attack Submarines of Europe in 2017. For a high resolution image click here.
Be aware also that  the two graphs include only those countries that  are located wholly or predominantly in Europe. Thus Turkey, Russia etc. are excluded from the two graphs despite the fact that they are considered European.

No comments:

Post a Comment