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Friday 24 January 2020

Internationales Maritimes Museum - A real gem in Hamburg! (Part Β: waship models)

Visiting the IMMH - Part B:ship models!
This is the second part, about my visit to the Internationales Maritimes Museum Hamburg (IMMH, International Maritime Museum of Hamburg), a private museum in a former warehouse (Kaispeicher B) in the HafenCity quarter of Hamburg, Germany. The museum houses predominantly Peter Tamm's collection of model ships, construction plans, uniforms, and maritime art, amounting to over 40,000 items and more than one million photographs on 12,000m2 (130,000 sq ft). It is the world's largest private collection of maritime artifacts. Three thousand years worth of maritime history are displayed on nine ‘decks’ with precious exhibits, model ships, armor, photographs, maps, paintings and much much more. To learn more about the IMMH you can visit Internationales Maritimes Museum - A real gem in Hamburg! (Part A: general impressions) because in this Part B (and final part), we will focus on the ship models and almost mainly those of WWII. Ι repeat that I had a great time there and I wish I could have more time to examine more other ship models (yes, there are not only those ship models I post here) as well as other details, paintings and maps, and to visit some sub-floors in between the nine floors which I missed. I could say that the museum is "nine floors of naval awesomeness"! An amazing well-maintained maritime museum worth visiting again and again! For the moment enjoy more than 200 photos of various warships accompanied by useful information!

Model of the armed military transport ship Wilhelm Gustloff, which was torpedoed
by the Soviet submarine "S-13" on January 30, 1945
while evacuating German civilians,
German officials, refugees from Prussia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Estonia and Croati
and military personnel shortly after leaving Gotenhafen (today Gdynia). Only 1,239
people in the completely overcrowded ship (approx. 10,300 
including 5,000 children!)
survived the biggest ship disaster to date!
In the previous image you can spot six quadruple 20mm C38 AA guns. It seems
the ship was not carrying any armament from bow to amidships.
The history of the German armed military transport ship Wilhelm Gustloff
The German armed military transport ship Wilhelm Gustloff
105 mm SK C/33 twin anti-aircraft gun. These guns were installed on the Bismarck
and Scharnhorst classes oas well as the Deutschland- and Admiral Hipper-classes.
Next of it you can see
a quadruple 20mm C38 AA gun which was mentioned earlier.
Soviet Kotlin SAM class (Project 56A) destroyer
Soviet Kotlin SAM class (Project 56A) destroyer
Quadruple (Vierling) 20mm/65cal C38 anti-aircraft  gun system
German Navy anti-aircraft guns, 105mm C32 (with a cupola) and MLG27 27mm
automatic gun. The latter equips currently almost every German Navy warship
Cutaway of a German triple 28 cm C/28 turret of Deutschland-class
Another view of the triple gun turret of Deutschland-class
Model of a MEKO A200 South African Navy frigate
The German vision of the corvette of the future (KDZ-2020)!
The German vision of the frigate of the future (FDZ-2020)
Visby class corvette model
K130 Braunschweig class corvette
Zumwalt class "destroyer". Note the special Mk100 57mm guns which
were never installed but replaced by Mk46 30mm guns
Another view of Zumwalt class "destroyer"
Brandenburg class frigate
Diorama of the impressive Task Force 58. The Fast Carrier Task Force was the main
striking force of the United States Navy in the Pacific War from January
1944 through the end of the war in August 1945.
The task force was made up of several separate task groups, each typically built around
3-4 aircraft carriers and their supporting vessels. The support vessels were screening
destroyers,  cruisers, and the newly built fast battleships. By the time of the
Battle of Iwo Jima in early 1945, the Task Force included 18 aircraft carriers, 8 battleships
and 2 Alaska-class, large cruisers, along with numerous cruisers and destroyers.
TF 58 alone commanded more firepower than any navy in history!
Mistral class LHD 1:200.
Mistral class LHD. Note that in the armament it is included Simbad-RC automatic
twin launcher. Today they have the old Simbad launcher.
Another view of a Mistral class amphibious assault ship
Now that was an interesting model! Seaplane tender (converted cruiser)
SMS Stuttgart (1908-1920. The ship
could carry three aircraft.
Two 8.8 cm SK L/45 anti-aircraft guns were installed forward while she
retained her submerged torpedo tubes
German Bussard catapult vessel, equipped with heavy catapult for
launching of Dp15/18 heavy flying boats.
The Bussard was transferred to the US and in 1948 she was sold
to the Netherlands and converted to dredger
Independence class littoral combat ship
Various warships at the same scale including Japanese cruisers,
seaplane tender/midget submarine carrier Chiyoda, US cruisers (Ticonderoga,
Portland), North Carolina-class battleship
WWII and modern aircraft carriers
Baku. modified Kiev class (today INS Vikramaditya), Admiral Kuznetsov
and an Tarawa class helicopter carrier.

Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carriers alongside modern Soviet and American designs
Extraordinary model of German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin!
The carrier would have had a complement of 42 fighters and dive bombers (Stuka)
A Ju-87 Stuka dive bomber in the foreqround
The ship would had have a very impressive anti-aircraft armament
as well as 16 x 15cm SK C/28 guns for her protection against
enemy warships.
Note the three of the total six twin 10.5 cm SK C/33 guns.
Lifeboats and anti-aircraft armament visible
View of the German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin, the ship that never was
American Essex class aircraft carrier. It constituted the 20th century's
most numerous class of capital ships.
Note the variety of numerous anti-aircraft guns
Kondor-class (project 89)  minesweeper that was designed in the German
Democratic Republic and a heavily armed Frosch class medium tank landing ship
East German Frosch class medium tank landing ship. Some of them still serve
with the Indonesian Navy today after modifications
Details of its characteristics and armament
Polish Navy hydrographic vessel Lech and German A14
Peter the Great, Kirov class nuclear-powered battlecruiser
Pyotr Velikiy battlecruiser, the largest surface combatant in the world today
Details of Pyotr Velikiy battlecruiser. Note that the modellers correctly did notinclude the forward launchers as they have not been installed
Note the SA-N-9 SAM launchers
Details of the superstructure
Kashin class destroyer
Kashin class destroyer Smelyi, later on Polish Navy  ORP Warszawa
ORP Warszawa,  one of the last ships of the modified Kashin class.
In the 1970s was fitted among others with four SS-N-2C Styx anti-ship missiles

Russian KIL-926 (later Aleksandr Pushkin) class mooring/buoy tender
A whole floor with numerous such huge WWII warships, simply amazing!
Yamato, the King of Battleships!
Yamato and her sister ship, Musashi, were the heaviest and most powerfully
armed battleships ever constructed, displacing 72,800 tonnes at full load and armed
with nine 46 cm (18.1 in) Type 94 main guns, which were the largest guns
ever mounted on a warship!
The impressive anti-aircraft armament all over the decks
Another view of the impressive anti-aircraft armament

The rear armament. Note the giant triple 18.1in gun turret.
The battleship was equipped with two catapults and could carry seven aircraft
View of the stern with the catapults and the aircraft
The increased anti-aircraft armament after the removal of two
triple 15.5 cm (6.1 in) guns
Yamato's bridge and superstructure
Details of the armament
Numerous (162!)  2.5 cm AA guns everywhere on Yamato
View from above
Another view from above of one of the most impressive battleships ever built
Tirpitz, a German Navy Bismarck class battleship
There are quadruple 20mm guns even on the upper part of the superstructure.
Ar196 aircraft on a double-ended catapult

This model includes also human figures
The German battleship was armed to the teeth
The rear twin 15in gun turrets
View from above
The characteristics of Tirpitz
The older sister of Tirpitz and more famous than her, Bismarck.
The characteristics of Bismarck battleship
The armament amidships. Notice the absence of the quad torpedo launchers
Note the much lighter AA armament than her younger sister and the different FCS
Another view of the batltleship
The double-ended aircraft catapult
The huge rear 15in gun turrets
Nelson-class battleship HMS Rodney, the fearsome enemy of Bismarck
The Nelson class battleships were the only British battleships with 16in gun
turrets, all carried forward of the bridge
The characteristics of HMS Rodney battleship
View of HMS Rodney
View of the boxy superstructure of HMS Rodney
Notice the multiple machine guns and anti-aircraft guns

Close-up photo
Königsberg class light cruiser Karlsruhe
The forward triple 15 cm SK C/25 gun turret
The rear triple 15 cm SK C/25 gun turrets
Anti-aircraft armament
One of the four triple torpedo tube mounts located amidships
The bridge of Karlsruhe
Deutschland class cruiser ("pocket battleship") Lutzow (former Deutschland)
Description of Lutzow cruiser
 I was really not aware that  German WWII warships had so many AA guns.
There is even a gun on the mast!
Multiple AA guns of Lutzow
The rear 11in gun turret and the quad 21in torpedo launchers.
There are even more AA guns at the stern.
5.9in single gun turrets
Another view of the foremast (tower)
HMS Hood, the last battlecruiser built for the Royal Navy
The 262-meter "Mighty Hood" sank within 3 minutes during the
Battle of the Denmark Strait with the loss of all but three of her crew!
The Tone-class cruisers were the last heavy cruisers completed
for the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The Tones were equipped with 8 x 8in guns in four twin gun turrets
all of them installed forward of the bridge (forecastle).
The unusual arrangement of the gun turrets in order to leave space for
aircraft facilities at the aft section.
Secondary armament amidships.
A maximum of eight floatplanes could be carried!
The last British battleship, the elegant and powerful HMS Vanguard
Vanguard was the biggest and fastest of the Royal Navy's battleships, the last
battleship to be launched in the world, and the only ship of her class.
Note the MkVI sextuple 40mm Bofors gun mountings as well as the
single MkVII 40mm Bofors gun mountings.
The two forward 15in gun turrets. The turret in B position has atop a
STAAG MkII twin 40mm Bofors gun mounting with 262 FCS
Details of the various FCS and AA weapons amidships
The stern with an MkVI sextuple 40mm Bofors gun mounting and three
single MkVII 40mm Bofors gun mountings.

Scharnhorst battlecruiser (just large cruiser for some)

Her two of the total three triple 11in gun turrets
The weapon arrangement amidships. Note the quadruple Flak gun atop
the forward twin
15 cm/55 (5.9") SK C/28 gun turret
Scharnhorst was equipped with two triple 21in torpedo launchers
Check the AA guns around the funnel!
Characteristics of Scharnhorst
The aft triple gun turret and numerous single 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/30/38 guns
View from above

Admiral Hipper class heavy cruiser
Bow view of an Admiral Hipper class heavy cruiser
Nürnberg light cruiser
Admiral Hipper class heavy cruiser, probably Admiral Hipper herself
Nürnberg light cruiser
Admiral Hipper class heavy cruiser Blucher
French battleship Richelieu with her unusual armament of two
forward quad 15in gun turrets
Battleship Richelieu. Note the numerous 40mm and 20mm anti-aircraft
guns she received after being sent to the United States for repairs and
an extensive modernization (1943).
Richelieu class battleships, one of the best battleship designs
In the US, two groups of nine 20mm single mountings were installed,
the first atop the former aviation hangar (nicknamed «the cemetery»), the
second abaft the wavebreaker on the fore castle (nicknamed «the trench»).
Lifeboats amidships. Note that there were almost everywhere installed 20mm guns
At least four 20mm single guns on the superstructure, higher than the conning tower
Details of the conning tower and mast
Amidships there were 12 x 100mm (3.9 inch) twin AA gun turrets
Characteristics of Richelieu
Quad Bofors 40mm (1.6 in) guns installed on the stern
20 mm battery atop the triple 152mm (6in) gun turret on the quarter deck
The Oerlikons abaft the wavebreaker on the fore castle, nicknamed «the trench»
View from above. The Richelieus were some of the few battleships without
torpedo launchers.
Another view of (perhaps my favorite..) battleship Richelieu
The Bayern class was a class of four super-dreadnought battleships built by
the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy). Only two were completed,
Bayern and Baden
Along with her sister Bayern, Baden was the largest and most powerfully
armed battleship built by the Imperial Navy. They were 180m long and armed
with four twin 15in gun turrets.
Note the absence of anti-aircraft armament

The general characteristics of Baden

Derfflinger class battlecruiser, Hindenburg
The general characteristics of battlecruiser Hindenburg
Battlecruiser Seydlitz
Battlecruiser Seydlitz
There were not only surface warships but dozens of submarines.
However, I am not a big fan of submariens so you will enjoy very few photos
Cutaway of a Type 212 submarine
SSBN Le Redoutable
Agosta submarine
Agosta submarine
Agosta submarine
A German naval base in WWII
Israeli Dolphin class submarine

Russian Akula II submarine
Dozens of other submarines
Surcouf was the largest French cruiser submarine (and quite unusual one..)
The Americans with the mighty Iowas
Iowa class battleship, view from above
The sister ship of HMS Rodney, HMS Nelson
HMS Nelson
Close-up photo of the armament of HMS Nelson
Austro-Hungarian Navy Tegetthoff class battleship
The main armament consisted of four triple 12in guns
Austro-Hungarian Radetzky class battleship
The Royal Navy in 1896
The Royal Navy in 1896
"Our First Line of Defence" in 1896
A US Monitor gun turret
Thousands of ship miniatures in display!
Thousands of ship miniatures in display!
Thousands of ship miniatures in display of every possible type
of the past and today's
Miniatures of warships from almost every navy in the world!
The Kiel Naval Base during the occasion of the centenary of Kiel Canal in 1995

Description of this marvelous diorama

The Kiel Naval Base in 1995

The foreign warships which visited the base to celebrate the centenary of Kiel Canal
Various foreign warships which visited the base to celebrate the centenary of Kiel Canal
Various foreign warships which visited the base to celebrate the centenary of Kiel Canal
Diorama of Nelson's victory at Cape Trafalgar!
"England expects that every man will do his duty" became legendary
Another view of the diorama
Ship miniatures of Tiger class, Andrea DOria and Vittorio Veneto cruisers

Novgorod was a monitor built for the Imperial Russian Navy in the 1870s.
She was one of the most unusual warships ever constructed
Popov's circular design. It still survives in popular naval myth
as one of the worst warships ever built.
Details of Novgorod
An armed river boat
18cm Armstrong cannon
Information about the cutaway

Russian Gangut class battleship
The characteristics of a Gangut class battleship.
Gangut in her final configuration and after several upgrades
Gangut (1915-1956) , one of the fery few battleships of Russia in WWs
The Gangut battleship was renamed later Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya
Gangut was named after the Russian victory over the
Swedish Navy in the Battle of Gangut in 1714
Her main armament consisted of  four triple 12in (305mm) guns and
16 single 4.7in (120mm) guns

Gangut battleship profile
Other ships
I hope you enjoyed the photos. And remember: I just gave you a very small taste of what you can see in IMMH! A highly recommended visit!

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